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Copyright 16-071

Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM)

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The foundation for lifelong health begins during the first five years of a child’s life. When young children ages 0-5 years participate in activities that take place at home, at daycare/preschool, and in the community, they are exposed to new environments and can learn new skills.


A measure designed to help parents and caregivers evaluate a child’s level of participation in a variety of environments, the Young Children’s Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) has been developed by Mary Khetani, Wendy Coster, Mary Law and Gary Bedell at McMaster University.

The YC-PEM is a parent-completed measure that looks at the different activities of children aged 0-5 years by evaluating the level of participation and qualities of the environment in which these activities take place. The results are then shared with the child’s health professional and therapy team to determine any adjustments to be made to help reach specific goals.

The Young Children’s Participation & Environment Measure (YC-PEM) examines those activities in terms of the participation and the environment. The survey has 3 sections: Home, Daycare/preschool, and Community. Each section has 2 key parts: a part that asks about the child’s participation in activities in that setting and a part that asks about the impact of the environment on the child’s participation in that setting.


  • Academic studies
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  • English and Spanish versions
  • Licensed to individuals and organizations



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